12/21/2017 0 Comments
The Baby Steps study aims to understand more about gestational diabetes in a bid to develop an educational program to reduce the risks of developing the condition in future pregnant women.
Mother of two, Kavita Sarana, said: “During my first pregnancy I had no problems at all, but when I was expecting my second child my blood sugar levels were very unbalanced and I was told I had gestational diabetes.
“I had no idea it can increase your baby’s chances of congenital abnormalities, and there are also risks of stillbirth and having larger babies. I spent the rest of my pregnancy worrying about my baby and my health so I am urging other expectant mothers to do all they can to avoid developing it.”
Working on the project is Midwifery Research Associate at CLARHC East Midlands and the University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Carol Liptrot who said: “Gestational diabetes happens if the body cannot produce enough insulin – a hormone that helps control blood sugar levels – to meet the extra needs in pregnancy.
“Although this is usually a temporary condition, it can be extremely serious and have everlasting consequences. However, observational evidence suggests a healthy lifestyle is associated with a reduced risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in women with a history of gestational diabetes.”
The Baby Steps study is being developed by the National Institute for Health Research.
Participants of the research will be subjected to either usual care or to the program for researchers to gain a full understanding the impact of gestational diabetes.
Original post: https://www.midirs.org/mother-joins-research-efforts-gestational-diabetes-help-future-generations/
Breastfeeding for at least two months cuts a baby's risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome almost in half, a sweeping new international study has found.
The study determined that mothers do not need to breastfeed exclusively for their baby to get the benefit, potentially good news for moms who can't or choose not to rely solely on breastfeeding.
"These results are very powerful! Our study found that babies who are breastfed for at least two months have a significant reduction in their risk of dying from SIDS," said researcher Kawai Tanabe, MPH, of the University of Virginia School of Medicine. "Breastfeeding is beneficial for so many reasons, and this is really an important one."
Previous studies have suggested that breastfeeding was associated with a decreased risk of SIDS, the leading cause of death of babies between 1 month and one year of age, but this study is the first to determine the duration necessary to provide that protection. The researchers found, after adjusting for variables that could distort their results, that breastfeeding for at least two months was associated with a significant decreased risk. Breastfeeding for less than two months did not offer such a benefit.
"Breastfeeding for just two months reduces the risk of SIDS by almost half, and the longer babies are breastfed, the greater the protection," said researcher Fern Hauck, MD, of the UVA School of Medicine and the UVA Children's Hospital. "The other important finding from our study is that any amount of breastfeeding reduces the risk of SIDS -- in other words, both partial and exclusive breastfeeding appear to provide the same benefit."
To determine the effects of breastfeeding on SIDS risk, the researchers analyzed eight major international studies that examined 2,259 cases of SIDS and 6,894 control infants where death did not occur. This large collective sample demonstrated the consistency of findings despite differing cultural behaviors across countries, and it provides convincing evidence of the reliability of the findings.
Based on their results, the researchers are calling for "ongoing concerted efforts" to increase rates of breastfeeding around the world. Data from 2007 showed that a quarter of U.S. babies had never been breastfed, the researchers report. (The World Health Organization has established a goal of having more than half of infants worldwide being breastfed exclusively for at least six months by 2025.)
"It's great for mothers to know that breastfeeding for at least two months provides such a strong protective effect against SIDS," said researcher Rachel Moon, MD, of the UVA School of Medicine and the UVA Children's Hospital. "We strongly support international and national efforts to promote breastfeeding."
It remains unclear why breastfeeding protects against SIDS, though the researchers cite factors such immune benefits and effects on infant sleeping patterns as possible mechanisms.
Materials provided by University of Virginia Health System. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
Posted from: University of Virginia Health System. (2017, October 30). Breastfeeding for two months halves risk of SIDS: Researchers determine duration needed for protective benefit for baby. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 20, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/10/171030123401.htm